Synthesis and characterization of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) for biodiesel production using waste frying oil (WFO)

Authors

  • Yaquba M. Sahabi 1Department of Chemistry, Sokoto State University, P.M.B. 2134, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria
  • Samira S. Adamu Department of Chemistry, Sokoto State University, Sokoto, Nigeria
  • Jamilu Usman Department of Chemistry, Sokoto State University, Sokoto, Nigeria
  • assan Abubakar Department of Chemistry, Sokoto State University, Sokoto, Nigeria
  • Nafisa Bello Department of Chemistry, Sokoto State University, Sokoto, Nigeria
  • Zainab I. S. G. Adiya Department of Energy and Applied Chemistry, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, P.M.B. 2346, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
  • Fatima M. Sahabi Department of Chemistry, Sokoto State University, Sokoto, Nigeria

Keywords:

Nanomaterials,, nanoparticles,, zinc oxide,, zinc nitrate,, sodium hydroxide.

Abstract

In this research, zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) were synthesized by simple solution-based approach using zinc nitrate [Zn(NO3)2.6H2O] and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) as precursor. The Synthesized ZnO-NPs were characterized by XRF, XRD and TGA methods. XRD method confirmed the formation of nanosized zinc oxide particles in the size range of 13–47 nm. XRF and TGA were used to determine the elemental composition and thermal stability of ZnO-NPs, respectively. The ZnO-NPs were used as catalyst in the production of biodiesel from waste frying oil (WFO) via transesterification method. The transesterification process yielded 97.8 % (w/w) WFO biodiesel. The results of the fuel properties revealed that, all the parameters tested are within the ASTM limits, indicating that the biodiesel produced could be used as an alternative diesel fuel.

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Published

01/26/2023

How to Cite

Yaquba M. Sahabi, Samira S. Adamu, Jamilu Usman, assan Abubakar, Nafisa Bello, Zainab I. S. G. Adiya, & Fatima M. Sahabi. (2023). Synthesis and characterization of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) for biodiesel production using waste frying oil (WFO). CaJoST, 5(1), 16–21. Retrieved from https://cajost.com.ng/index.php/files/article/view/102

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